Peru has overseen a comprehensive effort to halt illegal gold mining. But while the environmental risks of illegal mining are serious, some in Peru have raised concerns about the livelihoods of the miners, the struggling communities they support and the political ramifications of the crackdown.
More than any other organization, Harakat al-Shabab al-Mujahedeen, widely known as al-Shabab, has left its mark on the recent history of Somalia. Political and radical Islam have a long history in the country, but no group has survived longer than al-Shabab, and no group has emerged stronger from challenges and setbacks. Today, the group has emerged from an existential crisis and looks stronger than it has in years. Though al-Shabab is often referred to as simply a “terrorist group,” the term does not accurately describe the range of the group’s activities.