Peru has overseen a comprehensive effort to halt illegal gold mining. But while the environmental risks of illegal mining are serious, some in Peru have raised concerns about the livelihoods of the miners, the struggling communities they support and the political ramifications of the crackdown.
More than any other organization, Harakat al-Shabab al-Mujahedeen, widely known as al-Shabab, has left its mark on the recent history of Somalia. Political and radical Islam have a long history in the country, but no group has survived longer than al-Shabab, and no group has emerged stronger from challenges and setbacks. Today, the group has emerged from an existential crisis and looks stronger than it has in years. Though al-Shabab is often referred to as simply a “terrorist group,” the term does not accurately describe the range of the group’s activities.
The destructiveness of armed conflict has been a painful constant throughout human history. And despite efforts to limit its range and impact, the damage resulting from war still extends far beyond the battlefield. David P. Fidler explains how the realities of war challenge the very beliefs underpinning efforts to limit war’s impact on civilian health. Talia Hagerty and Jurgen Brauer argue that efforts to address the environmental damage from war must be integrated with peacebuilding to be effective. And Craig Forrest spotlights the threats war poses to cultural heritage sites and how international law has evolved to mitigate them.
The Chinese generation born since 1980 has come of age in a country its parents and grandparents hardly recognize. China’s rise from poor communist state to wealthy global superpower has had wide-ranging implications for how this generation sees itself, China and its place in the world. Robert L. Moore and Zhao Chang examine the cultural attitudes of China’s millenials and its even younger generation of digital natives. Teresa Wright explains why despite the post-Mao generation’s changing political attitudes, the Communist Party has little to fear. And Stanley Rosen examines this generation’s contradictory global outlook, which combines an embrace of Western culture with a renewed nationalism.
Since the global financial crisis, banks and the financial sector have become identified with destabilizing risk-taking and policy capture. But the nefarious influence of banking and finance is often overblown, while their important contributions to growth and development are at times underappreciated. Cornelia Woll explains why the banking lobby is not the monolithic juggernaut, nor the villain, it is often made out to be. Hans Dieter Seibel looks at informal finance and the various ways to integrate it into formal development approaches. And Johannes Linn examines the shifting environment for multilateral and subregional development banks, and the challenges and opportunities it presents.