At a recent NATO foreign ministers meeting in Tallinn, U.S. Secretary of State Hillary Clinton said that the United States would not withdraw its tactical nuclear weapons (TNWs) from Europe in the near-term future. Clinton also said that these weapons should only be drawn down if done so simultaneously with similar Russian systems. NATO Secretary-General Anders Fogh Rasmussen echoed these sentiments and stated that U.S. nuclear weapons in Europe are an integral part of the alliance's deterrent. But in addition to being increasingly unpopular among U.S. allies, the estimated 150-200 U.S. TNWs in Europe (.pdf) also lack military utility and deterrent value, for a number of reasons.
The vast majority of foreign policy analysts view a potential Russian invasion of Europe as an anachronistic Cold War nightmare. Still, Article 5 of the North Atlantic Treaty carries significant deterrent weight, because it represents a U.S. pledge to defend its NATO allies in the event of an attack. There is a certain level of redundancy to U.S. TNW deployments, since the United States has already committed itself to European security with its conventional and strategic nuclear forces. Additionally, there are legitimate questions regarding the ability of these weapons to serve their intended military purpose -- as a force multiplier to aid alliance troops on the battlefield. ...
To read the rest, sign up to try World Politics Review
Sign up for two weeks of free access with your credit card. Cancel any time during the free trial and you will be charged nothing.
Request a free trial for your office or school. Everyone at a given site can get access through our institutional subscriptions.
- Global Insights: Caspian States Boost Security, Economy With Trilateral Partnerships
- Strategic Horizons: Staffing the Future U.S. Military Will Require Thinking Outside the Box
- World Citizen: Venezuela Sanctions Undo Gains of U.S. Policy of Restraint
- The Realist Prism: For Iran Nuclear Deal, All Scenarios Amount to Leap of Faith
- Like It or Not, U.S. Needs Iran to Stabilize the Middle East