Five years after Chinese President Xi Jinping introduced the Belt and Road Initiative to the world, the multitrillion-dollar infrastructure scheme is experiencing major growing pains. It now faces skepticism in the country that has been its most enthusiastic cheerleader and most willing testing ground: Pakistan.
China's Belt and Road Initiative
China has a track record of using infrastructure spending, on everything from stadiums to ports, to secure resources and bolster trade around the world. In Latin America, it has turned to space diplomacy, funding satellites and other support systems, which has also helped it cultivate regional allies.
Last month, Malaysian Prime Minister Mahathir Mohamad announced that his government would cancel three major Chinese-financed infrastructure projects. In an email interview, Yun Sun discusses the implications for Sino-Malaysian relations, and what the move might herald for Chinese development projects elsewhere.