Mexican President Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador speaks during his daily press conference.

The election of President Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador, or AMLO, in July 2018 was supposed to result in a radical transformation for Mexico. But since taking office in December 2018, AMLO has struggled to deliver on his campaign promises. After having to play catchup during his first two years in office to Donald Trump’s quixotic threats linking trade and immigration, he has more recently had to reboot relations with the U.S. under President Joe Biden.

Protests against proposed electoral reforms in Mexico.

On Sunday, huge crowds of demonstrators streamed into Mexico City’s main square, marking a startlingly strong rebuke to President Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador. The protesters convincingly argue that AMLO’s controversial changes to Mexico’s independent National Electoral Institute, or INE, would undermine the country’s young democracy.