Benin’s Approach to Fighting Jihadists Is Fueling the Cycle of Violence

Benin’s Approach to Fighting Jihadists Is Fueling the Cycle of Violence
A police officer and a soldier from Benin stop a motorcyclist at a checkpoint outside Porga, in northern Benin, March 26, 2022 (AP photo by Marco Simoncelli).

Since 2021, the government of Benin has been battling a violent jihadist insurgency in the north of the country, fueled by a complex mix of political marginalization, religious ideology and long-simmering intercommunal conflicts. Unfortunately, in doing so, it is repeating the same tragic mistakes made over the past decade by its West African neighbors, Mali and Burkina Faso.

Rather than protecting and building the trust of its Fulani pastoralist communities, which provide a disproportionate number of jihadist recruits, Benin’s counterterrorism operations are targeting them with violent mass arrests, disappearances and expulsions, according to the database of the Armed Conflict Location & Event Data Project, or ACLED. This approach has failed to quell similar insurgencies in the Sahel, and it all but guarantees that extremist groups will continue to put down lasting roots in the communities that the government is targeting.

For years, the U.S. military has been involved in training and supporting the fight against jihadist insurgencies in the Sahel, particularly in neighboring Niger. As part of that effort, it has also been supporting littoral West African countries that neighbor the Sahel, including Benin, in their fight against the spreading jihadist violence. But there is a clear disconnect between the declarative aims of that support and the practices of government forces on the ground. In March, during the U.S.-led Operation Flintlock—Africom’s annual multilateral military exercise with African partners—exercising control over the region’s borders was described that “engaging border communities is at the center of the U.S. approach. But while the U.S. military speaks of “engaging border communities,” Benin’s military is carrying out mass arrests in them.

Keep reading for free!

Get instant access to the rest of this article by submitting your email address below. You'll also get access to three articles of your choice each month and our free newsletter:

Or, Subscribe now to get full access.

Already a subscriber? Log in here .

What you’ll get with an All-Access subscription to World Politics Review:

A WPR subscription is like no other resource — it’s like having a personal curator and expert analyst of global affairs news. Subscribe now, and you’ll get:

  • Immediate and instant access to the full searchable library of tens of thousands of articles.
  • Daily articles with original analysis, written by leading topic experts, delivered to you every weekday.
  • Regular in-depth articles with deep dives into important issues and countries.
  • The Daily Review email, with our take on the day’s most important news, the latest WPR analysis, what’s on our radar, and more.
  • The Weekly Review email, with quick summaries of the week’s most important coverage, and what’s to come.
  • Completely ad-free reading.

And all of this is available to you when you subscribe today.