The OAS Ramps Up Regional Pressure on Venezuela Through the Rio Treaty

OAS and Rio Treaty members meet to discuss sanctions on Venezuela, New York City, Sept. 23, 2019 (AP photo by Bebeto Matthews).
OAS and Rio Treaty members meet to discuss sanctions on Venezuela, New York City, Sept. 23, 2019 (AP photo by Bebeto Matthews).

The Organization of American States took a new step late last month that it hopes could lead to an end to the ongoing crisis in Venezuela—but that others fear may spark an armed conflict between Venezuela and its neighbor, Colombia. On Sept. 23, the OAS voted to take punitive actions against as-yet-unspecified members of President Nicolas Maduro’s government through a somewhat obscure mechanism: the Inter-American Treaty of Reciprocal Assistance, also known as the Rio Treaty, or the TIAR by its Spanish acronym. The TIAR is a mutual defense treaty among 19 states in the Western Hemisphere. Signed in 1947, it […]

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