Palestinian residents return to Khan Yunis in Gaza.

Around the world, militaries have begun to embrace AI as the latest technological silver bullet. This trend, and its pitfalls, has been on prominent display in Gaza, where the Israeli military’s use of AI-driven models for targeting decisions has had a devastating impact on civilians in exchange for limited strategic results.

Leaders of the BRICS group.

The BRICS group has long sought to challenge Western domination of technologies and infrastructures. Now, cooperation on artificial intelligence is increasingly on its radar. Provided the group aligns its members’ approaches to AI through its new initiatives, its role in international AI governance is poised to expand.

Artificial intelligence is increasingly being seen as a potential driver of economic growth in Latin America, with many governments in the region prioritizing investments in AI and related technologies to help modernize their economies and stay competitive in global markets, while debates around the ethical and political implications of AI continue to shape the discourse around its adoption.

In the U.S. and Europe, the rapid emergence of AI applications like ChatGPT has catalyzed a debate over their implications for the future of work. These concerns are far lower down on Latin America’s agenda. But in a region of stark economic inequality, AI threatens to exacerbate that divide and the political tensions that come with it.

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