Strategic Implications of Russia-Ukraine Base Renewal

Strategic Implications of Russia-Ukraine Base Renewal

Despite fist fights and smoke bombs within the parliament building as well as protests outside the Supreme Rada, Ukrainian legislators yesterday ratified the controversial Russian-Ukraine base-for-gas agreement. According to the deal's provisions, in exchange for Moscow accepting lower prices for Ukraine's gas purchases, the Russian Navy can remain at its Sevastopol base in the Crimea for another 25 years after the current lease expires in 2017. Ukrainian protesters attacked the new government under President Viktor Yanukovych for allegedly "trading sovereignty for gas."

While the precise amount of revenues that Russia will forego by subsidizing gas sales to Ukraine will depend on world energy prices, it will likely reach several billions of dollars annually. However, retaining the Sevastopol base will allow Moscow to save some money by scaling down construction at the new base for the Black Sea Fleet at the Russian port of Novorossisk.

The Russian Duma overwhelmingly ratified the agreement, with many legislators foreseeing significant political and military benefits from the arrangement. The commander-in-chief of the Russian Navy, Vladimir Vysotsky, told reporters that the new deal will help restore Russian-Ukrainian naval cooperation against terrorism and trafficking, as well as through joint search-and-rescue activities.

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