‘Good Governance’ and the Limits to State-Building in Bosnia

‘Good Governance’ and the Limits to State-Building in Bosnia

Recent reports note the stalled nature of progress towards international reform in Bosnia-Herzegovina, with many even making exaggerated claims of the threat of renewed conflict in the tiny state. Nevertheless, the European Union state-building project in post-conflict Bosnia-Herzegovina has largely been seen as a success, particularly when compared to U.S.-led state-building efforts in Iraq and Afghanistan. Clearly the problems faced in Bosnia have been on a different scale, with a relatively calm security situation. However, on its own terms, international regulation since the end of the conflict has achieved much less than was expected when the international state-building project was implemented following the Dayton Peace Agreement at the end of 1995.

One of the reasons for the relative lack of criticism has been that the EU has managed to present the failures and problems that have emerged, especially in relation to the pace of integration and the sustainability of peace, in ways that have reinforced its claim to have a vital role in the export of an external "good governance" agenda. On the one hand, the limitations of reform have reinforced the EU's projection of its power as a "civilizing mission" into what is perceived to be a dangerous vacuum in the region. On the other hand, through the emphasis on good governance, the EU has sought to avoid the direct political responsibilities associated with this power.

Rather than legitimize its policymaking on the basis of representative legitimacy, the EU's framework of good governance undermines Bosnian autonomy and self-government, by prioritizing administrative and regulative frameworks above democratic choices. The limits to this process are apparent in the tendency to distance policymaking from representative accountability, thereby weakening the legitimacy of governing institutions. As a result, though Bosnia may have international legal sovereignty, it still lacks genuine mechanisms for politically integrating its society.

Keep reading for free!

Get instant access to the rest of this article by submitting your email address below. You'll also get access to three articles of your choice each month and our free newsletter:

Or, Subscribe now to get full access.

Already a subscriber? Log in here .

What you’ll get with an All-Access subscription to World Politics Review:

A WPR subscription is like no other resource — it’s like having a personal curator and expert analyst of global affairs news. Subscribe now, and you’ll get:

  • Immediate and instant access to WPR’s fully searchable library of 16,000+ articles
  • Daily articles with original analysis, written by leading topic experts, delivered to you every weekday
  • Weekly in-depth reports on important issues and countries
  • Daily links to must-read news and analysis from top sources around the globe, curated by our keen-eyed team of editors
  • The Weekly Wrap-Up email, with highlights of the week’s most important coverage, and what’s to come.
  • Completely ad-free reading.

And all of this is available to you when you subscribe today.

More World Politics Review