Defense, Security and Development in a Hybrid World

Defense, Security and Development in a Hybrid World

In August 1944, representatives from China, the Soviet Union, the United Kingdom and the United States gathered at the Dumbarton Oaks mansion in Washington to lay the foundations of the postwar global governance architecture. Coinciding with the liberation of Paris by Allied forces, the meeting set the stage for many of the international and regional political, security and economic structures on which the global order has been based since 1945: the United Nations and subsequent multilateral organizations, as well as international agreements on trade, tariffs and currencies.

Under the auspices of these arrangements, states were willing to cede some sovereignty in order to forge a more resilient international system able to prevent global war and economic depression. They also supplemented these institutions with alliances and multilateral partnerships in order to deter enemies and foster shared concepts of security and governance. In short, states identified ways to further national interests in a mutually beneficial manner.

Multilateral institutions and alliances are far from a panacea, but in the years since 1945, they have contributed significantly to keeping the peace and providing millions of people with the opportunity for a better life. With the end of the Cold War, the need to manage global security in a suddenly unipolar environment offered new opportunities and challenges for these institutions. The U.N. Security Council’s role in authorizing the use of military force was reinforced, and regional organizations came to play a more prominent role in international politics. The center of gravity, however, remained with states, and peace and security largely depended on the conflicts that occurred either between or within them.

Keep reading for free!

Get instant access to the rest of this article by submitting your email address below. You'll also get access to three articles of your choice each month and our free newsletter:

Or, Subscribe now to get full access.

Already a subscriber? Log in here .

What you’ll get with an All-Access subscription to World Politics Review:

A WPR subscription is like no other resource — it’s like having a personal curator and expert analyst of global affairs news. Subscribe now, and you’ll get:

  • Immediate and instant access to the full searchable library of tens of thousands of articles.
  • Daily articles with original analysis, written by leading topic experts, delivered to you every weekday.
  • Regular in-depth articles with deep dives into important issues and countries.
  • The Daily Review email, with our take on the day’s most important news, the latest WPR analysis, what’s on our radar, and more.
  • The Weekly Review email, with quick summaries of the week’s most important coverage, and what’s to come.
  • Completely ad-free reading.

And all of this is available to you when you subscribe today.