In the early hours of June 28, 2009, military personnel arrested Honduras' President Manuel Zelaya at his home in Tegucigalpa. Clad in his nightgown, Zelaya was brought to the airport at gunpoint, where he was put on a plane bound for Costa Rica. His ouster capped months of conflict between Zelaya and nearly every other political actor and institution in Honduras, ranging from the Supreme Court to the country's highest religious authority to the president's own Liberal Party.
Zelaya's removal from power became the object of acute controversy and gave way to a complex political battle with hemisphere-wide implications. The episode focused attention on very significant questions regarding the geopolitical disputes now raging in Latin America, the United States' continued influence in the region, the soundness of the Obama administration's approach towards its southern neighbors, the effectiveness of the Organization of American States (OAS) as the guarantor the Inter-American Democratic Charter, the limits of the international community's ability to reverse a perceived democratic breakdown, and the roots of populist authoritarianism in the region.
Despite the swearing in of a new democratically elected government in January 2010, led by President Porfirio Lobo, the consequences of this episode, for both Honduras and the region, linger on. To this day, Honduras remains suspended from the OAS and the Central American Integration System, and nine Latin American countries, as well as many from other regions, continue to refuse to grant the new government diplomatic recognition.