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U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry addresses the 2015 Review Conference of the Parties to the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT), U.N. headquarters, New York, April 27, 2015 (U.N. photo by Loey Felipe).

New Technologies Complicate U.S.-Russia-China Arms Control

Tuesday, April 28, 2015

The monthlong 2015 review conference of the Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT), which began yesterday, will put a spotlight on a number of priority issues on the nonproliferation agenda. Of these, the potential deal between Iran and the P5+1—the United States, United Kingdom, France, Russia, China and Germany—on Tehran’s nuclear program, which would bring Iran back into compliance with its NPT obligations, is likely to attract the most attention. However, the current arms control stalemate among the U.S., Russia and China, which has endured since the previous NPT review conference in 2010, will also shape the conference’s outcome.

This stalemate results from a combination of geopolitical and technological factors, and the latter challenge of managing new military technologies that can weaken the traditional pillars of nuclear stability is likely only to grow. Although U.S. President Barack Obama’s administration has rightly highlighted progress in certain areas, some nonnuclear weapons states argue that more reductions are needed to sustain a balanced nonproliferation regime, while others accuse the great powers of applying a double standard that emphasizes the treaty’s nonproliferation components over its disarmament aspects. ...

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