Merkel’s Exit Is Remaking Germany’s Political Landscape

Merkel’s Exit Is Remaking Germany’s Political Landscape
German Chancellor Angela Merkel delivers a speech during a special session of the Bundestag on Afghanistan, in Berlin, Germany, Aug. 25, 2021 (Photo by Markus Schreiber).

It’s almost hard to believe that Germany is currently in the middle of a national election. Although the campaign season is in its heiße Phase, or “hot phase,” reminders of the looming vote are rare and subtle: unobtrusive posters and billboards of candidates and a few lingering canvassers. Even in normal times, Germany has strict laws on how and when a party can campaign—but the coronavirus pandemic has reduced the volume even more, moving much of the voter outreach online. The calm even prompted one German newspaper, Die Welt, to run a headline asking, “Is this the most boring federal election ever?

But once you get past the banal subtleties of contemporary German politics, the seismic shifts underway become clear. On Sept. 26, voters will select their representatives for the Bundestag, the country’s parliament, and the winning coalition will replace Angela Merkel, bringing an end to the venerated chancellor’s 16-year reign. Merkel has dominated German politics for so long that friend and foe alike are having a difficult time embracing her exit from public life. She is seen by many as the steady hand that navigated Germany, Europe and at times the world through crisis after crisis. Who can fill her shoes? 

Six major parties are hoping to answer that question. At present, according to the most recent polls, the Social Democratic Party, Merkel’s Christian Democratic Union and the Green Party are the top three contenders. But none will be able to govern alone. And regardless of the outcome, the next coalition government will have its hands full. The opportunities before Germany are considerable, but so are the challenges, reflecting the growing pains of a country that has only been unified for a little over 30 years. Will its new leaders meet the moment by setting a new course for the country—or will they continue along the path Merkel has set? 

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