Why Decolonization Is About More Than Just Nation-Building

Why Decolonization Is About More Than Just Nation-Building
Protesters call for the removal of a statue of Cecil Rhodes, a Victorian imperialist, in Oxford, England, June 9, 2020 (AP photo by Matt Dunham).

“From our vantage point, the transition from empire to nation in the 20th century appears inevitable,” writes the political theorist Adom Getachew. In the 30 years after World War II, membership in the United Nations expanded from 51 to 144 countries, an astounding transformation.

But in her recently published book, “Worldmaking After Empire: The Rise and Fall of Self-Determination,” Getachew argues “against the standard view of decolonization as a moment of nation-building,” painting a picture of anti-colonial nationalist movements that sought not only to build independent states, but also to undo global structures of hierarchy and subjugation that had become firmly entrenched by centuries of colonial rule.

On the Trend Lines podcast this week, she joined WPR’s Elliot Waldman to discuss the history of these anti-colonial movements in Africa and the Caribbean, and their lessons for contemporary politics.

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