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Afghan deportees walk across the border from Iran to Afghanistan in Islam Qala, Herat, Afghanistan, June 6, 2007 (AP photo by Farzana Wahidy).

The Mass Return of Migrants from Iran Poses an Ill-Timed Challenge for Afghanistan

Thursday, Dec. 13, 2018

More than 730,000 undocumented Afghan immigrants in Iran have returned to Afghanistan so far this year, according to the United Nations. Many of them are fleeing a lack of economic opportunity in Iran, due largely to the United States’ decision to reimpose sanctions that were lifted as part of the 2015 nuclear deal. But according to Annalisa Perteghella, a research fellow at the Italian Institute for International Political Studies in Milan, they are unlikely to encounter better conditions in their native country, which faces a worsening security situation and a severe drought. In an email interview with WPR, Perteghella delves into the complicated history of Afghan migration to Iran and explains why the current wave of return migration should be a matter of concern to the entire international community.

World Politics Review: What prompted so many Afghans to migrate to Iran, and have their experiences in Iran been generally positive or negative? ...

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