In New Report, U.S. Looks Beyond Castro

Cuban President Fidel Castro Ruz transferred power to his younger brother Raúl on Monday night, July 31, after doctors said he needed surgery to stop intestinal bleeding.

In a letter read by his secretary, Carlos Valenciaga, on Cuban national television, the 79-year-old Fidel announced that because of ''an intestinal crisis'' he would temporarily relinquish the presidency to his 75-year-old brother, who serves as Cuba's defense minister.

"The operation obliges me to spend several weeks in repose, away from my responsibilities and duties," Fidel's statement, as read by Valenciaga, said. "Because our country is threatened in these circumstances by the government of the United States, I . . . delegate, on a provisional basis, my functions as First Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Cuba upon the Second Secretary, comrade Raúl Castro Ruz."

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