Robert Looney is a distinguished professor at the Naval Postgraduate School in Monterey, California. He specializes in issues relating to energy security and economic development in the Middle East, Africa, South Asia and Latin America. He has published over 250 articles in the professional literature and twenty-two books. He is also the editor of the Routledge Series on Emerging Economies. As an international consultant, he has provided advice and assistance to the governments of Iran, Saudi Arabia, Japan, Mexico, Panama and Jamaica as well as the International Monetary Fund, World Bank, International Labor Office, Inter-American Development Bank, Stanford Research Institute, and Rand Corporation.