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Over the Horizon: Wikileaks and Contingency Planning for North Korea

Wednesday, Dec. 1, 2010

On May 12, 2010, Minxin Pei wrote in an op-ed for the Diplomat that "what is most worrying about a possible North Korean collapse is that the key players in the region are not talking to each other, even informally, about such an eventuality." Thanks to the Wikileaks release of a huge cache of U.S. diplomatic cables, we now know that this isn't true. In February, a South Korean diplomat predicted the collapse of North Korea within a couple of years after the death of Kim Jong-Il, and argued that sufficient economic considerations could placate China for the loss of its client state. The cable and others also revealed Chinese frustration over the North Korean regime's unpredictability.

Perhaps the most interesting part of the February communiqué regarded the assertion by South Korea's Vice Foreign Minister Chun that several Chinese officials had privately indicated that Beijing would be comfortable with Korean reunification under the Seoul government, provided certain conditions were met. These conditions included a limitation on U.S. military deployments north of the current DMZ, as well as economic concessions. To be sure, these cables do not give clear indications as to Chinese or South Korean state policy, but they do provide a glimpse into how two of the major regional actors are thinking about the potential collapse of North Korea. ...

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