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A a coal-fired power plant in Shuozhou, Shanxi, China. A a coal-fired power plant in Shuozhou, Shanxi, China. China's energy supply is outstripped by demand. (Photo by Wikimedia user Kleineolive licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported Agreement).

China's Energy Security Strategy

Tuesday, Nov. 9, 2010

The rapid economic growth of the People's Republic of China has fueled a demand for energy that has now outstripped domestic sources of supply. As a result, China can no longer sustain its economic expansion without importing massive quantities of energy. To compensate for the projected underproduction of domestic energy sources as well as further increases in anticipated energy consumption, the Chinese government has pursued a subtle energy security strategy that includes three major components: first, reforming the domestic energy sector to maximize production and attract foreign direct investment; second, expanding China's energy mix to reduce the nation's dependency on fossil fuels and contain pollution; and third, diversifying sources of foreign energy to limit dependence on any single country or region.

Beijing's ambitious "energy diplomacy," which has kept Chinese diplomats engaged throughout the globe, has thus far proven successful in achieving these three pillars. But in the process, the PRC has caused alarm among other countries, who worry that Beijing's vision of a zero-sum world energy game could threaten their own energy security. And for a PRC government that has always sought to limit its dependence on foreigners, the country's growing reliance on external energy sources presents a major economic, political and diplomatic challenge. ...

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