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A Tunisian demonstrator holds a sign reading, “poverty rises, starvations rises” during a protest in Tunis. A demonstrator holds a sign reading, “poverty rises, starvations rises” during a protest in Tunis, Tunisia, Jan.23, 2021 (AP photo by Hedi Ayari).

Lessons From Tunisia’s Past Crises Can Help Resolve This One

Thursday, Feb. 4, 2021

As Tunisia marked the 10th anniversary of the removal of dictator Zine el Abidine Ben Ali on Jan. 14, people poured into the streets, defying a nationwide COVID-19 lockdown. While every January brings some form of popular protest around the revolution’s anniversary, things are different this year. Last month’s milestone serves as a grim reminder of what democracy has not brought: jobs, social justice and an end to endemic corruption. And this year, the country is in the midst of twin crises: an economy ravaged by the coronavirus pandemic and a deep political divide due to increasing polarization. Tunisians, often chanting protest slogans from a decade ago, have organized sustained demonstrations in recent weeks to decry all of these social ills.

This is not the first time Tunisia has found itself at a breaking point. In the months following the revolution in 2011, those who had lived their lives in the opposition or in exile were suddenly placed in charge, tasked with building a democratic state and negotiating over the essence of what Tunisia would represent in its new form. A subsequent power struggle led to the assassinations of two leftist political figures, Chokri Belaid and Mohamed Brahmi, in February and July of 2013, respectively, at the hands of hard-line Salafi jihadists. The killings nearly derailed the transition. ...

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