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The signing of a power-sharing deal in Riyadh between Yemeni southern separatists and the Yemeni government. Yemeni Southern Transitional Council member Nasser al-Khabji, left, and Yemen's deputy prime minister, Salem al-Khanbashi, sign a power-sharing deal in Riyadh, Nov. 5, 2019 (Saudi Royal Palace photo by Bandar Aljaloud via AP).

A Saudi-Brokered Deal Averts Yemen’s War Within a War—for Now

Friday, Nov. 8, 2019

After months of standoffs and halting negotiations, Yemen’s internationally recognized government signed a power-sharing agreement with southern separatists that, as the International Crisis Group put it, “has averted a war within Yemen’s civil war, at least for the time being.” The deal, brokered by Saudi Arabia and signed in Riyadh on Nov. 5, lays out the terms of a cessation of hostilities between President Abdrabbuh Mansour Hadi’s government and the separatist movement known as the Southern Transitional Council, or STC. Whether the agreement holds—let alone precipitates an end to Yemen’s devastating civil war and a new way forward for its southern movement—depends primarily on if its ambitious reforms can be fully implemented.

The breakthrough seeks to bring an end to armed confrontations in recent months sparked by longstanding tensions between Hadi’s government and the military wing of the Southern Transitional Council. The two groups have found themselves both strategic allies and wary adversaries throughout the course of Yemen’s civil war, a complicated dynamic that is rooted in a longer history of separatism in southern Yemen, which was an independent state until 1990. ...

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