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President Filipe Nyusi and Renamo leader Ossufo Momade at a signing ceremony in Maputo, Mozambique. President Filipe Nyusi, left, and Renamo leader Ossufo Momade at a signing ceremony in Maputo, Mozambique, Aug. 6, 2019 (AP photo by Ferhat Momade).

Mozambique’s New Peace Accord Will Soon Be Put to the Test

Monday, Aug. 19, 2019

The peace agreement signed recently in Mozambique by President Filipe Nyusi and the head of the former rebel group Renamo, now a political party, addresses the two critical issues that have festered since an accord in 1992 never fully ended the country’s civil war. The deal includes provisions for the full demobilization of Renamo fighters, with the integration of selected Renamo personnel into the armed forces, and the decentralization of political power. It is the second attempt to end renewed conflict between rebels and the government since 1992, following an earlier agreement in 2014 that was supposed to end a Renamo insurgency. The latest deal represents progress, but as ever in Mozambique, uncertainty remains.

The agreement finalized terms forged through direct discussions between Nyusi and Renamo’s longtime leader, Afonso Dhlakama, that began at the end of 2016. Dhlakama died of natural causes in May 2018; Ossufo Momade, who was elected in a Renamo party congress in January, succeeded him and signed the deal with Nyusi in early August. ...

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