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Zheng Yelai, the president of Huawei cloud BU, during a conference on artificial intelligence in China. Zheng Yelai, the president of Huawei cloud BU, during the High-level Dialogue on Artificial Intelligence forum at the China International Big Data Industry Expo 2019, in Guiyang, China, May 27, 2019 (Imaginechina photo Zhui Ying via AP).

The Pitfalls of Trying to Curb Artificial Intelligence Exports

Thursday, June 6, 2019

Amid the escalating U.S.-China trade war, concerns over the security implications of competitive Chinese technology like Huawei’s 5G network, and unresolved negotiations with Beijing over the theft of intellectual property, another tech policy question persists in Washington, although it is somewhat overlooked. How should the United States manage exports of artificial intelligence technologies? It has widespread ramifications for global research, innovation and commerce—and no easy answer.

In November, the U.S. Commerce Department proposed a new rule on export controls for “emerging technologies that are essential to the national security of the United States.” Biotechnology, advanced computing technology and additive manufacturing—in other words, 3D printing—were all categories on the list to evaluate for prospective export controls. One of the biggest sections, however, pertained to artificial intelligence and machine learning technology. The controls would seek to limit the countries to which U.S.-incorporated firms could export artificial intelligence tools, such as computer vision algorithms, speech recognition systems, and audio and video manipulation technologies, which can be used to make fabricated but extremely realistic videos and photos using AI and machine learning, known as deepfakes. ...

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