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U.S. Defense Secretary James Mattis and Egyptian Central Military Zone Commander Gen. Ayman Abdel Hamid Amer stand for the U.S. national anthem, Cairo, Egypt, April 20, 2017 (Pool photo by Jonathan Ernst).

Reforming U.S. Security Aid Is Unlikely to Transform the Most Difficult Partnerships

Tuesday, March 6, 2018

Security assistance is a longstanding American tool to build up cooperation with key countries, including regional heavyweights like Egypt, Nigeria and Pakistan, where security deficits have consequences for the United States. But security cooperation often requires bureaucratic agility and a true convergence of interests between the sender and receiver. Both elements have been in short supply recently, and new efforts to reform the enterprise seem unlikely to transform these difficult partnerships.

In the past few weeks, Trump administration officials have engaged in several public dialogues about efforts to improve the suite of government-funded programs called security sector assistance. As with many forms of foreign aid, explaining the categories, legal authorities and funding mechanisms is pretty complicated. At essence, the core function of security sector assistance is to help partner countries train, equip, advise and build capacity in their security—mostly military—services. These activities account for between a quarter and a third of the $30 billion in annual U.S. foreign aid. ...

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