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Luigi Di Maio of Italy’s Five Star Movement speaks during a protest outside parliament moments after a vote in favor of a new election law, Rome, Italy, Oct. 12, 2017 (AP photo by Gregorio Borgia).

What to Make of the New Leader of Italy’s Populist Five Star Movement

Monday, Oct. 16, 2017

BOLOGNA—Italy’s Five Star Movement has a new leader. At the national meeting for the upstart populist party late last month—calling it a congress would be far too formal for the anti-establishment movement—its co-founder, comedian Beppe Grillo, stepped down as the political leader, although he will remain its “garante,” or judge of final appeal for internal disputes. An online primary in which a mere 37,000 people voted anointed Luigi Di Maio as the new political head of the M5S, as the party is known in Italy. The election was clearly the result of a backroom fix of the kind the M5S decries with other parties. None of the M5S’ other recognized leaders, such as firebrand orator Alessandro Di Battista, competed, while Grillo overtly gave Di Maio his backing. The election was an investiture rather than a contest.

Who is Luigi Di Maio? Born in Avellino near Naples, he is the 31-year-old deputy speaker of the Chamber of Deputies, elected to parliament in the 2013 tsunami in which the M5S took a stunning 25 percent of the popular vote. He is telegenic, good on the political talk shows that are the plague of primetime Italian TV, and heads the “governmentalist” wing of the M5S—that is, the part of the movement that believes it should get into power and enact its program, rather than those who believe that its main task is to act as a force for moral opposition. From the moment of his election to parliament, Di Maio has dressed like a diplomat, shown skill at public relations and never missed a photo opportunity. Grillo has made a career out of moral outrage; Di Maio, by contrast, says many of the same things as the movement’s charismatic founder, but with a flashing smile. ...

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