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Members of the police forces of the largely autonomous entity of Republika Srpska during a parade marking a controversial national day, Banja Luka, Bosnia, Jan. 9, 2017 (AP photo by Radivoje Pavicic).

Is EU Membership the Solution to Rising Ethnic Tensions in Bosnia?

Tuesday, Feb. 7, 2017

Fears of another war are growing in Bosnia and Herzegovina as xenophobia and nationalist rivalries surge in the largely autonomous and Serb-dominated entity of Republika Srpska. Observers are warning that a growing separatist movement in the territory threatens the terms of the Dayton Accords that ended the Bosnian War of the 1990s.

That conflict killed more than 100,000 people and displaced some 1 million civilians through interethnic violence between Catholic Croats, Bosnian Muslims—or Bosniaks—and Orthodox Christian Serbs. Republika Srpska, the majority-Serb enclave of Bosnia and Herzegovina that was formalized by the U.S.-brokered Dayton Accords, virtually cleansed the bulk of its territory of Croats and Bosniaks during the conflict. More than two decades later, the siege of Sarajevo and the massacre at Srebrenica still evoke horrifying images of the war crimes committed. ...

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