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Philippine President Rodrigo Duterte and Zhang Dejiang, chairman of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress, at the Great Hall of the People, Beijing, China, Oct. 20, 2016 (Pool photo by Wu Hong via AP).

Can Cooler Heads Prevail in the South China Sea?

Wednesday, Nov. 23, 2016

Since an international tribunal in The Hague ruled in July that China’s claims to the South China Sea had no legal basis and thus violated the Philippines’ maritime rights, claimants to the waters have focused on lowering the temperature on the ongoing disputes. Though this is a welcome respite from years of tensions and has yielded some progress, formidable challenges remain in translating these gains into sustainable solutions for the complex disagreements between China and five other claimant countries—Brunei, Malaysia, the Philippines, Taiwan and Vietnam.

Before the tribunal’s verdict, many observers had worried that a lopsided legal outcome for either China or the Philippines would deal a severe blow to international law or spark tensions in the South China Sea. The vital waterway had already endured several years of testy exchanges and ratcheting tensions as a result of China’s growing assertiveness and the other claimant countries’ subsequent reactions. What ended up happening, however, was an unexpected legal verdict that overwhelmingly favored the Philippines but didn’t see tensions rise. ...

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