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U.S. presidential candidates Hillary Clinton and Donald Trump during the third presidential debate, Las Vegas, Oct. 19, 2016 (AP photo by Mark Ralston).

Why The Next President Must Reset U.S. Global Strategy—and How to Do It

Friday, Nov. 4, 2016

When Dwight Eisenhower took office as president in January 1953, he was deeply concerned about the trajectory of America’s security strategy. Much had changed in the years leading up to his election the previous November, as hopes that the permanent members of the United Nations Security Council—the United States, the Soviet Union, the United Kingdom, France and China—would collaboratively manage global security were dashed by the emergence of the Cold War. By the time Eisenhower moved into the White House, no one doubted that containing the Soviet Union was America’s most pressing strategic task. What worried him was how to go about it.

Under his predecessor, President Harry Truman, containment had been increasingly militarized, particularly after the outbreak of the Korean War in 1950. Eisenhower feared that the defense spending this required would derail U.S. economic growth, eventually degrading public support for containment and giving Moscow a free hand. To avoid this sort of slow-motion disaster, Eisenhower wanted to employ a less expensive form of containment that balanced risks and costs. He quickly kicked off a major review of U.S. strategy in the hope of finding one. ...

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