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Rebels of the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia, or FARC, patrol the Mecaya river in the southern jungles of Putumayo, Colombia, Aug. 15, 2016 (AP photo by Fernando Vergara).

Why Colombia’s Historic Peace Breakthrough Was the ‘Easy Part’

Tuesday, Sept. 6, 2016

This is it. As of Aug. 24, after 52 years of fighting and four years of negotiating, the Colombian government and the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia, or FARC, have a peace accord. The FARC will cease to be one of the hemisphere’s largest generators of violence and will transition into a peaceful political movement. Already, the past 13 months have been the least violent period in Colombia since the conflict with the FARC began in 1964. And at midnight on Aug. 29, the government and the leftist guerrillas made it permanent, calling a definitive halt to all hostilities.

The negotiations took place with only a few ruptures or violations of the ground rules, but they weren’t easy. The accord—297 legalistic pages of plans, promises and compromises—is the product of more than 50 rounds of 15-day talks in Havana, including a marathon of closed-door sessions near the end. The process was skillfully supported by Norway, Cuba and other countries, as well as the assiduous efforts of experts and subcommittees. Yet the talks may be remembered as the easy part compared to what lies ahead. ...

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