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Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe holds a wreath during a ceremony to mark the 70th anniversary of the Nagasaki atomic bombing, Nagasaki, southern Japan Sunday, Aug. 9, 2015 (AP photo by Eugene Hoshiko).

What the ‘Japan Option’ Tells Us About Iran’s Nuclear Prospects

Tuesday, Aug. 11, 2015

Almost 70 years to the day after the U.S. bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, and four and a half years after suspending its entire nuclear energy program, Japan restarted a nuclear reactor today, the first to operate under new safety requirements adopted in the aftermath of the Fukushima disaster. While the news is noteworthy in and of itself, Japan’s historical approach to its civil nuclear program, as well as to nuclear weapons in particular, is especially instructive in light of the Iran nuclear deal.

Many observers have suggested over the years that Iran could well aspire to the so-called Japan option: an advanced civilian nuclear program that is technically capable of crossing the nuclear weapons threshold, but constrained by both domestic and international prohibitions on any weapons-related activities. If this is indeed the case, Iran, like Japan of the postwar generation, will need to accept long-term exceptional restrictions on its program if it wishes to build trust and reshape its security relationships. ...

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