go to top

Unsafe Spaces: Trends and Challenges in Gender-Based Violence

, Tuesday, March 25, 2014

There is not sufficient evidence on the use of sexual violence in conflict to determine whether it is increasing or decreasing in prevalence or institutionalization. However, evidence indicates it is widespread. Conflict-related gendered violence can range from a tool of economic exploitation, oppression and violence, especially during conflicts, disasters and their aftermath, to the systematic use of sexual violence as a strategy in armed conflict. Gender-based violence (GBV) is defined in humanitarian contexts as “an umbrella term for any harmful act that is perpetrated against a person’s will, and that is based on socially ascribed (gender) differences between males and females.”

Many conflicts encompass different formsof GBV, the escalation of which is fueled by pre-existing gender inequalities, discrimination, abuse and lack of respect of human rights. Despite common assumptions, gendered violence in conflict is not limited to women and girls, but can also target men and boys, as well as persons of all ages. There is evidence of widespread use of sexual violence in contemporary conflicts, including in Somalia, Mali, Sudan, Syria, Colombia, Guatemala and Honduras, and including against men, for example in Syria and the eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo. ...

Want to Read the Rest?
Login or Subscribe Today.
Get unlimited access to must-read news, analysis and opinion from top experts. Subscribe to World Politics Review and you'll receive instant access to 9,000+ articles in the World Politics Review Library, along with new comprehensive analysis every weekday . . . written by leading topic experts.

YES, I want to subscribe now.