The result in Basra clearly did not reflect well on the Iraqi Security Forces. But American officials and other prominent advocates of the idea that victory is within reach -- or at least possible -- in Iraq are saying in the wake of the Basra fighting that the Iraqi Security Forces' poor performance was more a consequence of the poor planning of ISF commanders and Iraqi government officials -- all the way up to Prime Minister Nouri al-Maliki -- than of ground-level combat unreadiness.
In an essay title "Maliki's Missteps" on the Web site of the neoconservative journal Commentary today, Max Boot attacks the Iraqi government's preparation of the battlefield:
Maliki's worst failure was the lack of an "information operation" to get out his side of the story. Accordingly, what should have been seen as a long-overdue law-and-order campaign by the lawfully elected government has instead been depicted both inside and outside of Iraq in the cynical terms enunciated by Cordesman and Nasr. Maliki has received lukewarm support at best from his own coalition allies, including Hakim. Arab countries, which should be ecstatic that Iraq's government is taking on Iranian-backed Shiite gangs, have been conspicuously silent.
"The sense we had was that this would be a long-term effort: increased pressure gradually squeezing the Special Groups," Mr. Crocker said in an interview, using the American term for Iranian-backed militias. "That is not what kind of emerged."
"Nothing was in place from our side," he added. "It all had to be put together.". . .
[I]nterviews with a wide range of American and military officials also suggest that Mr. Maliki overestimated his military's abilities and underestimated the scale of the resistance. The Iraqi prime minister also displayed an impulsive leadership style that did not give his forces or that of his most powerful allies, the American and British military, time to prepare.
"He went in with a stick and he poked a hornet's nest, and the resistance he got was a little bit more than he bargained for," said one official in the multinational force in Baghdad who requested anonymity. "They went in with 70 percent of a plan. Sometimes that's enough. This time it wasn't."
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