Media Roundup

United States

U.S. Ramping Up Major Renewal in Nuclear Arms

By William J. Broad and David E. Sanger | The New York Times

An expansion comes under a president who campaigned for “a nuclear-free world” and made disarmament a main goal of American defense policy.

Obama Needs No U.N. Approval to Order Airstrikes in Syria, Ambassador Says

By Valerie Richardson | The Washington Times

The U.S. ambassador to the United Nations said Sunday that the Obama administration has a legal basis to conduct airstrikes in Syria without U.N. approval, raising questions about the White House’s ability to form an international front against the Islamic State.

Latin America

Venezuela Launches Civilian Disarmament Plan

BBC

Venezuelan President Nicolas Maduro has announced he is expanding a plan to disarm civilians. Speaking on the International Day of Peace, Mr Maduro said his government would invest $47m (£29m) and create 60 new disarmament centres.

Asia-Pacific

China’s Xinjiang Region Hit by Series of Explosions

Agence France-Presse

Two people were killed and many injured as explosions erupted in multiple locations in China’s Xinjiang on Sunday, according to authorities in the ethnically divided region that is on edge after a series of violent incidents this year.

After Rancor, Afghans Agree to Share Power

By Rod Nordland | The New York Times

After eight months of enmity over the protracted presidential election, Ashraf Ghani and Abdullah Abdullah will have to confront the challenges of jointly governing their country.

Africa

Ebola Outbreak: Sierra Leone Lockdown Declared 'Success'

BBC

A three-day curfew aimed at containing the Ebola outbreak in Sierra Leone has been declared a success by authorities. The wide-ranging curfew ended at midnight on Sunday (GMT) and will not be extended, authorities said.

Europe

Sarkozy Pledges to Win Voters Back From French Far-Right

By Adam Thomson | Financial Times

Nicolas Sarkozy on Sunday night vowed to wrest votes back from France’s far-right National Front party “one by one” and to form a political movement capable of pulling the country from its malaise.

French Add Voice to Global Climate Action

By A. D. McKenzie | Inter Press Service

The Paris march was one of 2,500 events that took place around the world Sunday, involving 158 countries, according to Avaaz, the international civic organisation that coordinated the “People’s Climate March” in Paris. French cities Lyon, Marseille and Bordeaux also held marches.

Middle East

Palestinian Reconciliation Talks Begin in Egypt

By Hamza Hendawi | The Associated Press

Rival Palestinian factions Hamas and Fatah on Monday began reconciliation talks in Cairo, one day ahead of negotiations with Israel on cementing the Aug. 26 truce that ended a 50-day war in Gaza, according to Egyptian security officials.

Iranian Talks With Saudi Arabia May Signal Thaw in Relations

Reuters

Iran and Saudi Arabia have held their first foreign minister-level meeting since the 2013 election of President Hassan Rouhani, official Iranian media have reported, signalling a possible thaw in relations between the rival Gulf powers.

U.S., Allies Train Kurds on Weapons

By Joe Parkinson and Dion Nissenbaum | The Wall Street Journal

The U.S. military and its allies have launched an urgent effort to train Kurdish forces to use sophisticated weapons that the West is expected to supply for a stepped up counteroffensive against the Islamic State.

United States

Interview: Can Summit Spur Climate Policy Changes?

By Robert McMahon | Project Syndicate

While the UN climate summit will not deliver binding commitments to cut carbon emissions, real action on climate policy is occurring on the domestic front, says Michael A. Levi

Climate Realities

By Robert N. Stavins | The New York Times

The world is now on track to more than double current greenhouse gas concentrations in the atmosphere by the end of the century.

Rand Paul's Foreign Policy Trap

By Michael Brendan Dougherty | The Week

The Kentucky senator seems ready to embrace an airstrikes-only strategy that is doomed to failure and Clintonian comparisons.

Cleaner, Greener, and Richer

By Christiana Figueres and Guy Ryder | Project Syndicate

In the past, action to combat climate change was viewed largely as running counter to economic growth, with “going green” implying a sacrifice of prosperity for the sake of the environment. Today, we know better. By taking action to mitigate climate change, companies are promoting sustainable growth and creating high-quality employment.

Latin America

Washington Snubs Bolivia on Drug Policy Reform, Again

By Zoe Pearson and Thomas Grisaffi | Foreign Policy in Focus

Bolivia has found a way to cut coca production without sacrificing the leaf's cultural importance or cracking down on small growers. But Washington's not having it.

Asia-Pacific

Beijing's Rising Smear Power

By Murong Xuecun | The New York Times

The online slander of dissidents is seen as an attempt to manipulate opinion on a global scale.

China’s Revisionist Orientation

By John H.S. Åberg | The Diplomat

China is not a revisionist power, but the recent air intercept indicates revisionist orientation.

Europe

Russia’s Short-Term Thinking Imperils Its Future

By Mark Adomanis | The Moscow Times

Russian Finance Minister Anton Siluanov raised quite of lot of eyebrows last week when he stated that the government would withhold $8.2 billion worth of money that was originally scheduled to be invested in the pension system.

Only the Crazy and Economists Believe Growth is Endless

By Justin Hyatt | Inter Press Service

From the mid-20th century onwards, economic growth has come to count as a self-evident goal in economic policies and GDP to be seen as the most important index for measuring economic activities.

Middle East

Why beheading?

By Jeff Jacoby | The Boston Globe

There are other ways to terrorize, other gruesome means of mass murder.

Yemen Is Going Backwards

By Salman Aldossary | Asharq Al-Awsat

The Houthis will have no need to fight bloody battles to take over Yemen’s capital, Sana’a. The dangerous developments unfolding in the country suggest the Houthis have the upper hand over the government to such an extent that it gives one pause.

Latin America

Five Hurt During Second Day of Protests in Guatemala

Latin American Herald Tribune

At least five people were injured and two demonstrators were arrested Thursday on a second day of protests by Guatemalan peasants demanding passage of a law to promote comprehensive rural development.

Mexico Rights Body Probes Deadly Army-Gang Faceoff

By Mark Stevenson and E. Eduardo Castillo | Associated Press

Mexico’s Civil Rights Commission says it is investigating the circumstances of a June confrontation between the army and a suspected drug gang that left 22 people dead.

Environmentalists Call on Peru’s Government to Fight Illegal Logging

Latin American Herald Tribune

Illegal logging is the source of more than 40 percent of mahogany and cedar that Peru exports to the United States, and is behind the death of those who oppose that sector of the lumber industry, such as the four Indian leaders murdered in early September by suspected illegal loggers, environmentalists said.

Asia-Pacific

Japan PM Abe Seeks Summit With South Korea's Park Amid Frosty Ties

By Jack Kim and Antoni Slodkowski | Reuters

Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe asked South Korean President Park Geun-hye for a summit meeting in a letter handed over on Friday, seeking a breakthrough in the two countries’ frosty ties over Japan’s wartime past, including running military brothels.

Africa

7 Killed While on Guinea Ebola Education Campaign

Associated Press

The prime minister of Guinea says seven bodies have been found after a group of local residents attacked Guinean health workers carrying out Ebola awareness efforts in a rural area.

Europe

Poland Picks New Foreign Minister in Reshuffle

By Monika Scislowska | Associated Press

Poland’s prime minister-designate on Friday named a new foreign minister to replace Radek Sikorski, who has been vocal internationally on the conflict in Ukraine.

Middle East

Yemen Shiite Rebels Agree to Stop Fighting in Sanaa

Agence France-Presse

Yemeni Shiite rebels agreed Friday to stop the fighting against Islamists and troops north of Sanaa, which has killed dozens this week, in their campaign for a new government and greater political clout.

Bahrain Activist Maryam Al-Khawaja Released

Al Jazeera

Authorities in Bahrain have released Shia political activist Maryam Abdulhadi al-Khawaja but the charges against her still stand, the Gulf state’s interior ministry said in a statement.