Geography and Resources Articles

Zimbabwean President Robert Mugabe and Chinese President Xi Jinping shake hands during a signing ceremony at the Great Hall of the People in Beijing, China, Aug. 25, 2014 (AP photo by Diego Azubel).

Adaptive Engagement: China’s Approach to Southern Africa

By Cobus van Staden
, , Feature

Observers of China’s engagement with Africa often assume that Africa is passive in the relationship. A look at Mozambique, Zimbabwe and South Africa shows that the reality is more complicated: Chinese actors often try to partially adapt to specific African systems, with varying degrees of success. more


Global Insider

Mongolia Shuffles PMs to Address Self-Inflicted Economic Crisis

By The Editors
, , Trend Lines

Last week Mongolia’s parliament appointed Chimed Saikhanbileg prime minister, two weeks after Norov Altankhuyag lost a no-confidence vote. In an email interview, Julian Dierkes, associate professor at the University of British Columbia, discussed Mongolian politics. more

Global Insider

Vietnam’s Modernizing Navy Confronts China’s Sea Power

By The Editors
, , Trend Lines

As China attempts to assert maritime claims against Vietnam, Vietnam in turn has been expanding its navy and courting new allies, like India. In an email interview, Abhijit Singh, a research fellow at India’s Institute for Defence Studies and Analyses, discusses the Vietnamese navy's capabilities. more

World Citizen

In Venezuela, Maduro Teetering on the Edge of Disaster

By Frida Ghitis
, , Column

The late Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez seemed to become invigorated by class struggle and the passionate protests it engendered. His heir, Nicolas Maduro, has also faced fierce opposition protests and has responded forcefully. But the challenge is growing exponentially riskier. more

Global Insider

Water Management a Keystone of Dutch Foreign Policy

By The Editors
, , Trend Lines

In September, the Netherlands offered help to Pakistan after a breached dike forced over 700,000 people to flee their homes. In an email interview, Mariska Heijs, training and research fellow at the Netherlands Institute of International Relations “Clingendael,” discussed Dutch water management diplomacy. more

Special Report

After Scarcity: Global Energy’s New Realities

By The Editors
, , Report

Dropping oil prices and alternative sources have resulted in dramatic changes for the global energy sector. As new players and relationships emerge, traditional powers, particularly Russia, still wield energy as a geostrategic weapon. This report covers the politics of energy over the past year. more

India Pursues Scandinavian Partnerships to Join Arctic Race

By Saurav Jha
, , Briefing

Indian President Pranab Mukherjee’s visit to Norway in mid-October was a signal of India’s rising profile in the Arctic. After signing 13 agreements with Norway, Mukherjee concluded 19 more deals with Finland—maneuvers designed to gain a foothold in the Arctic through partnerships with Scandinavia. more

Global Insider

Chad Uses Environmental Rules to Keep Tight Grip on Oil Sector

By The Editors
, , Trend Lines

Chad is currently in talks with the Chinese National Petroleum Company over oil-extraction licenses that were revoked due to environmental violations. In an email interview, Celeste Hicks, a freelance journalist specializing in Africa, discussed Chad’s oil sector. more

Angola Modernizes Navy to Protect Maritime Resources

By Francisco Galamas
, , Briefing

Last month, in another sign of their strategic partnership, Brazil and Angola signed an agreement for the Brazilian navy to support the development of Angola’s naval capabilities. The deal fits into Angola’s broader strategy to secure its maritime borders and safeguard its oil and fishing resources. more

Special Report

Rising to the Challenge: Can Latin America Escape Its Past?

By The Editors
, , Report

Electoral democracy is flourishing across Latin America. But if the region has eagerly embraced pluralism, many problems remain, ranging from insecurity and corruption to balancing economic growth with environmental concerns. This report covers the full spectrum of Latin America’s challenges. more

Global Insider

Once Foes, Uganda and DRC Cooperate, but Friendly Ties Far Off

By The Editors
, , Trend Lines

Last month, senior diplomats from Uganda and the Democratic Republic of Congo met to discuss bilateral relations. In an email interview, Gaaki Kigambo, a journalist in Uganda, discussed current efforts to improve relations between between the two countries. more