Many of the world’s cities, and some of its biggest, may be particularly vulnerable to climate change, which is expected to lead to greater droughts in some areas, as well as greater storm surges, flooding from glacier melt and rainfall, and rises in sea level. Climate adaptation and mitigation policies are quite expensive, on the order of billions of dollars, but they are dwarfed by the cost of inaction.
Global Approaches to Human Security
Though security challenges and power politics often dominate the media spotlight, securing human outcomes remains a priority item on the global agenda. The effects of Hurricane Sandy have highlighted the urgency of mitigation and adaptation efforts in the world's increasingly populous and increasingly at-risk cities. This summer's drought in the U.S. caused the third major food price spike in five years, but the causes of the food crisis have yet to be addressed. And education has been correlated with a variety of monetary and nonmonetary benefits, but development aid for education continues to be limited by ideology.
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This summer’s drought in the U.S. has triggered the third major food price spike in the past five years, leaving the world’s poor to wonder if global leaders learned anything from the first two. To judge by their actions so far, they haven’t: The food crisis has energized policymakers, bringing attention to chronic problems. But price spikes have yet to prompt leaders to address the key drivers of the food crisis.
Education first began to be included as a component of foreign assistance in the early 1960s, initially emphasizing vocational training, engineering education and immediately applicable work skills. By the 1990s, however, an approach known as “Education for All,” with a strong emphasis on primary education, had become the dominant paradigm of education aid, with significant and often negative consequences for the sector as a whole.