LIMA, Peru -- With the entire western Amazon experiencing oil and mining booms, indigenous groups in the Amazon Basin and the Andes -- already fighting encroachment by loggers and small-scale farmers, or else struggling to obtain title for their ancestral land -- have now stepped up their resistance to efforts to exploit oil reserves, mineral deposits and other natural resources in and nearby their communities. In response, the region's presidents have accused native leaders and environmentalists who help them of everything from terrorism to being U.S. lackeys.
The trends cut across ideological divides. Peruvian President Alan Garcia has taken a neoliberal track during the past four years, whereas the president of neighboring Ecuador, Rafael Correa, is a socialist allied with Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez. But both leaders are facilitating the exploitation of natural resources in or near indigenous territories: At least half of the Peruvian Amazon and more than half of the Ecuadorian Amazon are covered by oil concessions, most of them superimposed on indigenous lands. ...
To read the rest, sign up to try World Politics Review
Sign up for two weeks of free access with your credit card. Cancel any time during the free trial and you will be charged nothing.
Request a free trial for your office or school. Everyone at a given site can get access through our institutional subscriptions.
- Strategic Horizons: Staffing the Future U.S. Military Will Require Thinking Outside the Box
- World Citizen: Venezuela Sanctions Undo Gains of U.S. Policy of Restraint
- The Realist Prism: For Iran Nuclear Deal, All Scenarios Amount to Leap of Faith
- Like It or Not, U.S. Needs Iran to Stabilize the Middle East
- To Secure FARC Deal, Colombia’s Santos Must Face Down Uribe