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From left to right, Iranian President Hassan Rouhani, Parliament Speaker Ali Larijani and Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei at a conference on Palestine, Tehran, Iran, Feb. 21, 2017 (AP photo by Ebrahim Noroozi).

Is Iran Actually Losing Ground in the Shifting Geopolitics of the Middle East?

Tuesday, March 21, 2017

Only a few months ago it was the conventional view that regional dynamics in the Middle East were working in Iran’s favor. By this account, Tehran was accumulating growing influence through its direct or indirect involvement in the region’s crises and conflicts, buoyed by the confidence born of sanctions relief after the nuclear agreement with the international community. But the picture is not so clear today. In fact, other regional trends involving Russia, the new administration in Washington, and Israel might be converging to put Iran on its back foot.

The geopolitics of the Middle East are moving too fast for any measured assessment of durable trends. Strange bedfellows and spurned alliances are commonplace. Just recall the awkward and so far unproductive cooperation between Turkey and Russia over Syria, or the tripartite meeting in southern Turkey of American, Russian and Turkish generals to deconflict operations targeting the so-called Islamic State in Syria. Another case in point is how the major Arab states maintain an old discourse about Israel at the United Nations, while quietly expanding security cooperation with Israel. Yet in each of these examples, Iran can be seen as losing ground, unable to either set or block the agenda as its regional peers and rivals work to protect their core interests and manage relations with the U.S. and Russia. ...

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