The U.S. and Vietnam have concluded a nuclear cooperation agreement, spotlighting again U.S. policy debates over how best to limit the spread of dual use nuclear technologies. While the terms of this and future U.S. nuclear cooperation agreements illustrate that such efforts are likely to be contentious and partially successful at best, most countries are likely to forego these technologies for economic reasons.

Future of Enrichment ‘Gold Standard’ in Doubt After U.S.-Vietnam Nuclear Deal

Earlier this month, U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry and Vietnamese Foreign Minister Pham Binh Minh signed an agreement to enable future civil nuclear cooperation between the two countries. While the text has not been made public, it appears that the agreement will not include a so-called Gold Standard provision proscribing Vietnam from enriching uranium or reprocessing plutonium.

The agreement marks the latest installment in a decade-long effort by the United States and other major nuclear powers to limit the further spread of uranium enrichment and plutonium reprocessing technologies (ENR), which can provide both fuel for nuclear power and fissile material for nuclear weapons. Controversies over the terms of this and potential future U.S. nuclear cooperation agreements illustrate that such efforts are likely to be contentious and partially successful at best. ...

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