Newly inaugurated Mexican President Enrique Peña Nieto promised during his campaign to triple Mexico’s GDP growth rate to 5-6 percent annually. In order to even approach that lofty goal, Peña Nieto must confront the country’s bloated monopolies that discourage competition and raise the cost of goods and services for Mexicans. Complicating this already monumental task is Mexico’s entrenched culture of monopolies, which will be harder to defeat than the actual monopolies themselves.
When it comes to Mexican monopolies, the big offenders are well-known: Telmex, the telecommunications conglomerate owned by the world’s richest man, Carlos Slim; Televisa, the largest multimedia company in Latin America; Cemex, a building material supplier and cement producer with a reported market share of nearly 90 percent; and Walmex, Wal-Mart’s branch in Mexico and the nation’s largest private sector employer, to name a few. According to the OECD, the lack of competition in Mexico’s economy has cost the country $129.2 billion between 2005 and 2009, or 1.8 percent of GDP per year. Peña Nieto has stated broadly that Mexicans should have more consumer choice and that companies should be made to compete, ensuring lower prices and better quality. But although he has promised to “fight” monopolies, he has avoided mentioning the specifics of which ones and how. ...
To read the rest, sign up to try World Politics Review
Sign up for two weeks of free access with your credit card. Cancel any time during the free trial and you will be charged nothing.
Request a free trial for your office or school. Everyone at a given site can get access through our institutional subscriptions.
- Strategic Horizons: Staffing the Future U.S. Military Will Require Thinking Outside the Box
- World Citizen: Venezuela Sanctions Undo Gains of U.S. Policy of Restraint
- The Realist Prism: For Iran Nuclear Deal, All Scenarios Amount to Leap of Faith
- Like It or Not, U.S. Needs Iran to Stabilize the Middle East
- To Secure FARC Deal, Colombia’s Santos Must Face Down Uribe