In the aftermath of the U.S. elections, a central question regarding the West’s standoff with Iran remains crucial: How serious are U.S. and Israeli leaders who assert their determination to keep Iran from obtaining a nuclear weapon?
The looming question, hovering for years over the diplomatic impasse, is whether the U.S. and Israel have been bluffing when they suggest they might attack Iran if it does not desist from its nuclear ambitions. Is the mantra “all options are on the table” coming from Washington an effort to exert psychological pressure on the Iranian regime, or is it a statement of fact? Are Israel’s ominous warnings about its “red lines” a means to persuade the U.S. and Europe to tighten sanctions, or are they a sign that the Israelis will, in fact, load their bombers and drop ordnance over Iran’s nuclear installations? ...
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